Quixplained: Who won the Nobel prizes in science in 2021, and for what?

The 2021 Nobel Prizes saw seven science laureates. Ardem Patapoutian and David Julius received the Nobel Prize in physiology while Giorgio Parisi, Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann together won the physics gong for their work in deciphering the chaotic climate. Benjamin List and David MacMillan received the chemistry award for the development of a tool for building molecules.