Majaz Lakhnavi, Majaz Lakhnavi Keats of Urdu poetry, Asrarul Haque, Urdu poetry, Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), Urdu poet, indian express news
Remembering Majaz Lakhnavi, The Keats of Urdu Poetry

Two days ago a nazm echoed through Aligarh Muslim University as the institution celebrated its founder’s day on October 17. Alumni around the world, who proudly address themselves as’Alig‘ sang: Ye Mera Chaman, Ye Mera Chaman.

The author of this famous nazm, Asrarul Haque, popularly known as “Majaz Lakhnavi”, whose poetry still reigns in the hearts of millions of people, was born on October 19, 1911.

Considered the Keats of Urdu poetry, Majaz was one of those rare gems whose poetry reflected two most important aspects: romance and revolution. At a time when legendary Urdu poets like Faiz, Jazbi, Sardar Jafri, Sahir Ludhiyanvi were at their peak, Majaz rose to fame and carved out a niche for himself. His infatuation was such that people flocked to the place where he was present.

Born in Rudauli (then in Barabanki, UP) during Diwali celebrations, he was called Asrarul Haque and later took the name of ‘Majaz Lakhnavi’. He belonged to a Zamindar family and had a good education. At a young age, Majaz had a penchant for Urdu poetry. His fame came when he reached AMU as a student where he had the company of literary legends like Ali Sardar Jafri, Ismat Chugtai and others. During one of the mushairas, Majaz, dressed in sherwani, delivered his famous poem:

Khoob Pehchan lo Asrar Hoon Main,
Jinse-Ulfat ka talabghar hoon, Hand,
Ishq hi Ishq hai Duniya Meri,
Fitna-e-Aql se Bezar hoon Main,
Ek Lapakta ho Shola ho, Ek Chalti Hui Talwar Hoon Main.

The audience was mesmerized; the silence established that Majaz had arrived on the scene. There was no turning back. Majaz gave his alma mater a famous nazm, which is now the university tarana (anthem).

Majaz’s popularity grew by leaps and bounds and there were more women than men among his admirers. At AMU, the girls kept her book ‘Aahang“under their pillows. They would pledge to keep ‘Majaz’ as their children’s names.

Himanshu Bajpai, Daastango, who made several daastans on Majaz, recalls an incident: “Once, Ismat Chugtai told Majaz that the girls loved him and Majaz quickly replied, ‘And they marry a rich person. “

Truly, Majaz had a failed love life, and despondency got him admitted to a mental asylum in Ranchi. His alcohol addiction has taken its toll. Chugtain asked him: “Liquor or wine, who destroyed your life, Majaz?” Witty and humorous, as always, replied, “I gave them both that right.”

His poem Awara was also an instant hit.

Shahar ki raat aur principal naashaad o nakara phirun
Jagmagati jagti sadko pe awara phirun
Ghair ki basti hai kab tak dar-badar maara phurin
Ai Gham-e-Dil kya karun, Ai Vahshat-e-Dil kya karun.

Majaz had recited this nazm at the behest of the residents of White Baradari in Lucknow, which ultimately turned out to be his last public gathering before his disappearance.

His poetry, as I said above, was both romantic and revolutionary. Some of her lines for the empowerment of women are still relevant today.

Tere Mathe pe ye anchal bahut hi khub hai lekin,
Tu est aanchal se ek parcham bana leti toh achcha tha.

Bajpai recounts an incident: “Once, the famous film actress Nargis came to meet Majaz. She requested her autograph and Majaz obliged by writing the lines above on her blank dupatta. He identified with anyone in need – perhaps it brought him closer to the progressive movement. In her poetry, Majaz raised the issues of women’s liberation and feminism, which are still debated today.

Majaz’s revolutionary couplets also reigned over the masses. While other poets raised the tone in their revolutionary couplets, Majaz made his verses that could be sung with the revolution. ‘Bol, Ari O Dharti Bol, Raj Sinhasan Daanwa Dolis one of those poems. It’s just amazing to see someone write about the intricacies of the world so beautifully – ‘Sideboard Mushkil hai Duniya ka Sanwarna, Teri Zulfo ka Pencho Kham nahi Hai‘.

Alas, Majaz remained a loner. Josh Malihabadi even advised him to keep a gadi (look) with him while drinking, but Majaz laughed at him saying: “You drink while keeping a gadi, I drink while keeping a ghada (launcher).”

In December 1955, his end came abruptly, after he collapsed in Lucknow, and died before reaching Balrampur Hospital. The current generation may remember him as the uncle of Bollywood lyricist Javed Akhtar.

The poet, whose kingdom was in the hearts of millions, is buried in a six-foot grave at Nishatganj cemetery with his own lines of a nazm on the epitaph.

Ab iske baad subah hai aur subah-e-Nau Majaz
Ham by hai khatm Sham-e-Gareebaan-e-Lucknow

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A Silent Revolution captures Srinivasan Services Trust’s unique approach to CSR

Depending on where you look, corporate social responsibility (CSR) has a different shape, size, purpose and impact. From a business perspective, it very often gives back to the community and contributes to the overall development of its employees. From the viewer’s perspective, however, most CSR work is seen only as a task that companies and conglomerates take on because the government requires it. That any CSR work only serves to compensate for the bad karma that corporate greed brings.

Snigdha Parupudi’s book, A Silent Revolution, challenges these notions from the start. The book, which details the journey of Srinivasan Services Trust, explains that CSR should not be a yoke placed on the shoulders of the company, but a collective responsibility of the company and the community.

Founded in 1996 by Venu Srinivasan, President of TVS Motor Company, the Srinivasan Services Trust (SST) has, over time, successfully demonstrated why it is important to follow in social service the same strict management principles applied to factories and at the offices, writes Parupudi. The book is packed with anecdotes and stories of communities who came together to work with SST, while also explaining why the operation of this company-run trust is very different from that of other non-governmental organizations that also operate at their sides.

For example, at the very beginning, Parupudi recounts how a leaking faucet caused the villagers to ask that SST fix the faucet for them. The incident forced the Trust as well as its then chairman and former Indian administrative officer, Ashoke Joshi, to change course by asking them to also contribute to the development of their communities.
The idea, writes Parupudi, while revolutionary, faced its fair share of challenges as people wondered if TVS Motors, the company backing the trust, didn’t have enough money to complete the tasks they were assigned. companies. Over time, however, the communities where SST worked, understood the concept behind being asked to pay and would contribute regularly, starting initially with 10-15% of the project, then gradually up to 40%.

The book can also work as an easy calculation on why, despite the presence of so many NGOs on the ground in rural India, there is very little sustainable development that has been achieved in all these years. Most NGOs, Parupudi says in his book, choose to work only until they need to provide some kind of relief, or to provide food following a natural calamity. The book also goes into great detail on why SST, unlike many other corporate-run trusts and NGOs, chooses to partner with government and ensure last mile delivery instead of targeting and downplaying their projects.

Despite all of its easy storytelling, the book could have been content with more statistics and data, explaining how SST has, in just over two decades, been successful in leading and operating an NGO that does not come in by helicopter only when ‘there are tragedies. The lack of images, bars, and graphics to break up the monotony of uninterrupted storytelling is, sadly, a missed opportunity.

Tanzanian Abdulrazak Gurnah receives the Nobel Prize for Literature

Tanzanian writer Abdulrazak Gurnah received the Nobel Prize for Literature. The Swedish Academy said the award was in recognition of his “uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism”. Born in Zanzibar and based in England, Gurnah is a professor at the University of Kent. His novel “Paradise” was shortlisted for the Booker Prize in 1994.

The prestigious award is accompanied by a gold medal and 10 million Swedish kronor (over $ 1.14 million).

The Nobel Jury to announce the 2021 Literature Prize

The 2021 Nobel Prize for Literature is announced Thursday, an award that has historically honored poets, novelists and even songwriter Bob Dylan.

The Swedish Academy will announce the recipient in Stockholm at around 1:00 p.m. (1100 GMT (4:30 p.m. IST).

Winners are known to be difficult to predict. This year’s favorites, according to British bookies, include Kenyan Ngugi wa Thiong’o, French writer Annie Ernaux, Japanese writer Haruki Murakami, Canadian Margaret Atwood and Antiguan writer Jamaica Kincaid.

Last year’s award went to American poet Louise Glück for what the judges described as her “unique poetic voice which, with austere beauty, makes individual existence universal”. Glück was a popular choice after several years of controversy.

In 2018, the award was postponed after allegations of sexual abuse rocked the Swedish Academy, the secret body that chooses the winners.
The awarding of the 2019 prize to Austrian writer Peter Handke sparked protests because of his strong support for the Serbs during the Balkan wars of the 1990s.

The prestigious award is accompanied by a gold medal and 10 million Swedish kronor (over $ 1.14 million). The prize money comes from a bequest left by the creator of the prize, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel, who died in 1895.

On Monday, the Nobel Committee awarded the Physiology or Medicine Prize to Americans David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian for their findings on how the human body perceives temperature and touch it.

The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded on Tuesday to three scientists whose work has tidied up an apparent mess, helping to explain and predict the complex forces of nature, including expanding our understanding of climate change.

Benjamin List and David WC MacMillan were named Nobel laureates in chemistry on Wednesday for finding a simpler and greener way to build molecules that can be used to make compounds, including drugs and pesticides.

Upcoming awards will also be given for outstanding work in the fields of peace and economics.

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Richard Osman’s “The Man Who Died Twice” is one of the best-selling novels

The book by writer and actor Richard Osman The man who died twice earned the title of being one of the best-selling novels since, as a report in The Guardian says it, “the records have begun”. It further states that the book, which is part of its Thursday Murder Club series, reportedly sold 114,202 copies in its first three days last week. The book was released on September 16 and sales have been flat since.

The same report further informs that only four books sold more than Osman’s book in the first week: The vacant position by JK Rowling, The lost symbol and hell by Dan Brown and Go define a keeper by Harper Lee. The author is visibly ecstatic. “It exceeds our wildest forecasts. My love and thanks to all the readers, all the amazing booksellers and Joyce, Elizabeth, Ibrahim and Ron, ”said Osman.

“It’s wonderful to see how many people fell in love with Richard’s fabulous Thursday Murder Club and were just eager to read the next episode… The answer to these characters and the crimes they solve from the world’s readers entire has been amazing and it has been a joy to work with the retailers to make release week such an important time for everyone, ”said publisher Joanna Prior.

His recent book revolves around the Thursday Murder Club – Elizabeth, Joyce, Ron and Ibrahim – and traces their adventures and misadventures. The characters are already very popular with readers. His current book not only adds to their journey, but provides them with new dimensions.

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Booker Prize, Booker Prize shortlist, booker Prize 2021
Booker Prize shortlist unveiled, British Indian novelist Sunjeev Sahota absent

The list of finalists for the Booker Prize 2021, unveiled at a virtual event in London on Tuesday, includes six finalists for the prestigious Works of Fiction Prize, with an equal split between men and women.

British novelist of Indian descent Sunjeev Sahota, who had been on the list of candidates with his famous tale of immigrants China room, missed in the final race.

Sri Lankan Tamil author Anuk Arudpragasam made the cut with A passage to the north; South African author Damon Galgut for The promise; The Americans Patricia Lockdwood for Nobody talks about it, Richard Powers for Perplexity, and Maggie Shipstead for Large Circle; and Anglo-Somali author Nadifa Mohamed Men of fortune.

“With so many ambitious and clever books before us, the judges have engaged in rich discussions not only about the qualities of a given title, but often about the purpose of the fiction itself. We are delighted to present a list. that offers as wide a range of original stories as it does voices and styles, ”said historian Maya Jasanoff, president of the Booker 2021 judges.

“Perhaps appropriately for our time, these novels share an interest in how individuals are both animated and constrained by forces greater than themselves. Some are extremely introspective, immersing us in the minds of a Tamil retracing the scars of the civil war in Sri Lanka, and an American woman disconnecting from the internet to face a family crisis. Some are entering communities undergoing historic transformation: the Cardiff docks in the early years of British decolonization and the veld around Pretoria in the last years of apartheid. And some have a global sweep, following a mid-century aviator in her attempt to circle the planet, and a today’s astrobiologist raising a son haunted by climate change, ”said she declared.

“While each book is immersive on its own, together they are an expansive demonstration of what fiction does today,” she added.
The shortlist was chosen from 158 novels published in the UK or Ireland between October 2020 and September 2021. This year’s judges included writer and editor Horatia Harrod; actor Natascha McElhone; two-time Booker shortlisted novelist and teacher, Chigozie Obioma; and writer and former Archbishop Rowan Williams.

Gaby Wood, director of the Booker Prize Foundation, said: “This year, over the course of nine largely lonely months, five strangers from different backgrounds showed each other what they saw in the stories – which made them feel good. dazzled or challenged, which touched them or left them indifferent. In the process, they showed something of themselves and came to trust each other.

“They also proved that the best literature is elastic: both because so many different things can be seen there, and because – as one of the judges said – the best of fiction can give you the feel like your mind, or your heart, is a little bigger for reading it.

The Booker Prize for Fiction is open to works by writers of any nationality, written in English and published in the UK or Ireland. Shortlisted authors will each receive GBP 2,500 and a specially bound edition of their book.

The 2021 winner, who will receive £ 50,000, will be announced on 3 November at an awards ceremony in partnership with the BBC at the Radio Theater in Broadcasting House.

The Booker Prize for Fiction 2020 has been won by Scottish American Douglas Stuart for his first novel Shuggie Bath. Sunjeev Sahota, whose grandparents emigrated from Punjab in the 1960s, has already been shortlisted for the Booker Prize 2015 for The year of the fugitives and is the winner of the European Union Prize for Literature in 2017. The 40-year-old was not shortlisted for 2021 along with the previous winner of British Japanese author Kazuo Ishiguro for Klara and the sun.

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Mahatma Gandhi, Venugopal Maddipati book, Gandhi and Architecture: A time for Low-cost Housing, eye 2021, sunday eye, indianexpress news
Book review: Venugopal Maddipati reminds Gandhi to meditate on social housing

We can start with the title. The author describes Mahatma Gandhi’s experience in the 1930s of building functional and eco-friendly houses in a limited area using – where possible – local materials and respecting what appears to be an austere budget.

Venugopal Maddipati is not among those who distinguish “building” from “architecture” – a “caste differentiation” that distinguishes “informal” self-built houses from “formal”, “vernacular” designed houses. by professionals, also involving a difference of climbing.

The word “accommodation” has a class connotation. It arose out of employers’ fear of providing housing for migrants working in 19th century England’s new urban factories, as they feared diseases would spread from their dense agglomerations (read bastis for India ). The use of the term in this book is much broader and suggests that we need to think about the size and design of homes for everyone, not just the low paid.

Maddipati is a rare scholar who cares about every idea to the bone. It brings together philosophies that have been forgotten or dismissed as irrelevant. He does not reflect only on Gandhi and Sevagram, nor even on the Science Center for Villages created in 1976. He goes beyond Gandhi. Today Gandhi’s “agenda” is called into question – in the wake of the Black Lives Matter movement, his austerity argument is seen as involving social exclusion. There may be an alternative philosophy, which is neither dated nor limited to a single thinker. There are echoes of Patrick Geddes (who had died before the Sevagram project took root); “low cost housing” was taken over by the government of young India in the 1950s; it is her potential that pushed Laurie Baker to live and build in India; he challenged the genius of Charles Correa, trained at MIT (whose first major project, in the 1960s, was the Gandhi Memorial in Sabarmati); these are the Kolams, an adivasi community of organizing space and houses from which others could learn so much if they could only get rid of their social prejudices. Venu argues that the philosophy of finitude is still relevant today and that the mud huts are “architecture” just like the Kanchanjunga apartments in Correa.

The author has let the book take its time, its form and its course. Different parts of the collage were inserted between 2004 and 2017. Text and ‘acknowledgments’ indicate a wide range of archival and other readings, as well as discussions with people from many disciplines and from all continents (this may explain the narrative slightly broken and a sense of new beginnings well in the book). This requires concentration on the part of the reader and must frequently return pages to a previous section.

The strength of the book is that it reminds us of a time when original ideas attracted receptive audiences (ideas that have since disappeared in the sands of social tensions). There is an implicit call to rekindle a sense of social responsibility. Hopefully this discussion will inspire a human land use policy that takes the pandemic into account.

The reader should consider the logic of the planned settlements, the dimensions of the plots, the designated public spaces, the design of the houses. The spatial hierarchy of the British Indian military and civil service (not observed in Britain but carefully calibrated in British India) has been retained by independent India. From the 1950s, two of the markers of independence changed the nature of urban areas – one, rural dwellers began to migrate to cities, aware of their political price as voters. Second, the number of informal settlements within cities has multiplied, in response to the push for formal construction. Dinkar’s timeless poem gave voice to those who make this possible. “Main main gate, mujhe devon ki basti se kya? (I am a worker, how does the abode of the gods make a difference to me?) ”There should have been a parallel supply of social housing. The official response has been painfully slow, if not inhumane. Remember the apartment scandal of what officials call “EWS” – tiny one-room houses that used to save money by not having windows? “Economically weaker” was a more appropriate description for apartments than for residents.

Small houses for the poor should only be tolerated if complemented by generous and well-designed public spaces – historic Paris, Shahjahanabad in Delhi and northern Calcutta are densely built, yet vibrant with democratic public spaces and cultures. shared. This explains the real urban quality of these cities. But our planners will think hierarchically: tree-lined roads and carefully maintained parks are reserved for neighborhoods that already have enclosed private open spaces. “To those who have, more will be given”.

It is still early. Plans and descriptions of koutir that GandhiI have inhabited in Sevagram have no place in glossy reviews on architecture and interiors. The government has no feeling of embarrassment about turning Sabarmati Ashram into a tourist experience, thus pushing GandhiI have firmly in the “past”. But this book gives us a chance to hope for a rebirth.

(Narayani Gupta is a Delhi-based historian)